Dr. King's Final Speech: "I've Been to the Mountaintop"

Dr. King's Final Speech: "I've Been to the Mountaintop"

On April 3, 1968, at the Mason Temple (Church of God in Christ Headquarters) in Memphis, Tennessee, Rev. Dr Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his final speech. On the following day, King was assassinated. He was 39 years old.

The speech primarily concerns the Memphis Sanitation Strike. King calls for unity, economic actions, boycotts, and nonviolent protest, while challenging the United States to live up to its ideals. At the end of the speech, he discusses the possibility of an untimely death.

The GOP is not the Party of Lincoln - A Brief History. Part II: Progressive Boogaloo.

The GOP is not the Party of Lincoln - A Brief History. Part II: Progressive Boogaloo.

Both the Democrats and the Republics had factions to contend with, shaping how the parties attempted to govern and what was considered to be important issues. It is important to remember that not all members of a party have the same beliefs, especially in the 19th century - issues were not nearly as partisan then as they are now [Note 1]. The factions of today (Centerist/Moderate, Conservative, Liberal, Libertarian, Progressive) are not the names of yesteryear - the names that were in use at the time may be a bit confusing. There were also Third and Fourth parties at the time, which also were a factor in the political landscape, but the major players at the time were the Democrats and Republicans.

Somehow, there are those who who are still skeptical about harassment towards women [Content Warning]

Today, a friend of mine posted to her Facebook that there are some guys who she went to high school with who are skeptical that women are harassed or grabbed by strangers, and so she invited people, if they were comfortable, to share their stories. Despite the Yes All Women and Me Too campaigns, it seems that people (and let's be honest here, the hypermajority are men) are either not paying attention or not caring.

Patreon, Why Are You Doing This?

Patreon has announced a new service fee policy.

Supposedly, it is supposed to help Creators keep more money - however, this is at the expense of our Patrons. Right now, Creators pay a 5% fee + whatever fee is charged by our payment processors (in my case, PayPal); on December 18th, that will be changed so that Patrons will be paying 2.9% + 35 cents per pledge. TechCrunch has an article about this, with someone pointing out that "Pledging $100 to 1 creator will now cost $103.25 which is reasonable. Pledging $1 each to 100 creators will now cost $138 which is not reasonable."

This is not good news.

Here is Patreon's blog post about the what's happening and why: https://blog.patreon.com/updating-patreons-fee-structure/?_ga=2.131857487.1915026464.1512801843-1669255679.1501451341
Here is their FAQ: https://patreon.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/articles/115005631963

I don't know anybody who is for this. I sure as hell am not. Of the Patreons that I currently follow and/or donate to, here are others who are against this as well:
Seanan McGuire (and another post from them)
Jackie Wohlenhaus (and another post from them)
Amanda Palmer
Laurie Penny
Jeph Jacques

In my honest opinion, this is fucked up.

If you can no longer support me on Patreon, I totally understand. I am going to look into other services to replace Patreon if they do not come to their senses. You all need to do what is best for your situations. It sucks that we are now at this juncture, and I hope that it gets resolved quickly.

I am looking into recurring payment options via PayPal.

I don't know if that is possible or not, but I hear rumor that it is. If you are interested in still supporting me, but not through Patreon, feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash.

Take care, all. Let's hope that this gets resolved soon.

My brain keeps changing "Soccer" to "Football"

For some reason, whenever people here in the United States are talking about soccer, I instinctively call it football. While it is a correct name for it, it is not what the sport is called here in the US.

Because I was curious as to why two different sports are called “football,” I looked it up on Wikipedia: football is a family of team sports where a ball is kicked to score a goal (even though an American football is most certainly not a ball shape [Note 1]). Wikipedia also listed the following sports as football, among others: association football (soccer), gridiron football (American and Canadian football), Australian rules football, rugby, and Gaelic football. Who knew [Note 2]?

However, I’m not a fan of football in all honesty. Any of them. And yet, I don’t call rugby “football” - just association football, against the North American norms. That is an odd situation - considering that I don’t live in an area, nor have I grown up in an area, where it would be considered normal to call association football “football.” That leads me to wonder, does anybody else do that?

Please leave a comment if you do and how people tend to react when you do.

Anyway, all of this comes to mind because the Superbowl is around the corner. And I live in the same metro area that the Superbowl will be in [Note 3].


Note 1: It is more of an egg shape. Some people (including me) call the sport “handegg” as a joke.
Note 2: I’m certain that a lot of people knew. I just happened to not be one of them.
Note 3: Superbowl LII will be held at that fucking Jawa Sandcrawler on February 4th, 2018. Run for the hills.


If you like what you read here, and would like to show your support, please consider donating.

I am on Patreon to help fund the work that goes into maintaining a website and creating researched content. Also, it will give me some financial relief as I am also endeavoring to complete a number of science fiction and fantasy stories, and hopefully compile them into zines or collected works. As a sponsor, you'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the benefit of some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work.

It's not always possible to sponsor on a monthly basis. If you would like to do a one time donation, please feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash. Producing content takes time and effort, and any support would be most appreciated. Your donations help me cover expenses and eventually will let me be able to create quality content full-time.



The Superbowl is Coming

NaNoWriMo 2017 is over - back to regular blog posts!

Good afternoon, everybody!

NaNoWriMo 2017 is over, and though I did not meet the 50,000 word goal, I did beat my previous word record of 5,426. So I'm feeling very stoked about that! 5,500 words! I do plan on working on these stories that I've been writing, however, it is time to get back to my regular posting.


Download this song ► http://hyperurl.co/DouglassJefferson ◄ Watch the Behind the Scenes ►https://goo.gl/KsjYcN◄ New ERB Website & Merch can be found at http://erbofhistory.com/ ▼ CAST ▼ ========= Frederick Douglass: JB Smoove http://www.jbsmoove.com/ http://bit.ly/TweetJBSmoove Thomas Jefferson: Nice Peter http://www.nicepeter.com http://www.youtube.com/NicePeter ▼ CREW ▼ ========= Executive Producers: Peter Shukoff and Lloyd Ahlquist Directed

In 3 days is 13th Amendment Day. Ratified on December 6th, 1865, the 13th Amendment slavery and involuntary servitude - however, Black Codes, white supremacist violence, red lining, and other factors have worked to prevent persons of color from having equal status in the United States. The 13th Amendment, though, was the first of the Reconstruction Amendments that began to transform the United States from "half slave and half free" (as Abraham Lincoln put it) to one where constitutional guarantees would apply to all citizens. 
The amendment states: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” Read more about the history here: http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/thirteenth-amendment


I have a number of blog posts that are being worked on. Though my list of posts that are being worked on is available to Patreon Subscribers, I can say that I am still working on follow-ups posts to The GOP is not the Party of Lincoln - A Brief History. Part I: Whigged Beginnings and Sex and Gender Part I: The Structure of Sex. Plus, as MarsCon is coming up in March, and a number of friends and I are preparing panels for the convention, and I will be writing about them as I did for CONvergence 2017 (read Parts 1, 2, 3, 4, and Two Weeks Later). 


And that's some of what is coming up. There is more coming up in the next several days. Stay subscribed for more updates!


If you like what you read here, and would like to show your support, please consider donating.

I am on Patreon to help fund the work that goes into maintaining a website and creating researched content. Also, it will give me some financial relief as I am also endeavoring to complete a number of science fiction and fantasy stories, and hopefully compile them into zines or collected works. As a sponsor, you'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the benefit of some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work.

It's not always possible to sponsor on a monthly basis. If you would like to do a one time donation, please feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash. Producing content takes time and effort, and any support would be most appreciated. Your donations help me cover expenses and eventually will let me be able to create quality content full-time.


A lighter post - my top 10 favorite Science Fiction uniforms, ranked

2017 has been a difficult time for many people, including yours truly, and so I figured that it was time to have a lighter post. Also, as I have said before, I've been focused on NaNoWriMo this month and have not completed any of the posts that I have been working on. 

Sometime earlier in the week, I had the idea to rank my favorite science fiction uniforms from television and movies, and on Wednesday when I was laid-up with a migraine and unable to be creative, I jotted down the uniforms while I was no longer in pain. I decided to go ahead and talk a little about my top 10, and then list more uniforms that I like at the end. I will be getting back into more informational posts soon!

Please feel free to list your favorites in the comments! I would love to hear from you.


The following uniforms are listed from favorite to least favorite. I am only using uniforms from movies and television - no books, comics, or video games. Also, I am only including uniforms from shows and movies that I am very familiar with - there are many fandoms out there, and I do not know them all. These are all just a personal preference.

  1. Starfleet movie-era uniforms
  2. Earthforce uniforms from Babylon 5
  3. Colonial Military uniforms from Battlestar Galactica (RDM)
  4. Rebel Alliance uniform from the original Star Wars Trilogy
  5. Starfleet uniforms from Star Trek Beyond
  6. Starfleet uniforms from Star Trek: The Original Series
  7. Starfleet uniforms from the two Star Trek pilot episodes
  8. Starfleet uniforms from Star Trek and Star Trek Into Darkness
  9. Starfleet uniforms from Deep Space Nine/TNG movie era
  10. Starfleet uniforms from Deep Space Nine/Voyager

Starfleet, Earthforce, Colonial Military, Rebel Alliance - militaristic uniforms.

Nichelle Nichols as Commander Nyota Uhura in Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country

The uniforms that Starfleet issued during the movie era of Star Trek is my all-time favorite - they are sleek, have a coat and slacks combination with an awesome belt, maintain an easy way to recognize which department people belong to, have actual uniforms for enlisted/NCO personnel, and just plain look good. They have a very uniform feel to them, more so than Star Trek ever had before or after. 

Lt. Cdr. Ivanova, Cdr. Sinclair, and CWO Garibaldi in a promotional shot for Babylon 5

Babylon 5 and Battlestar Galactica maintain more of a specifically military structure in their series, and that is something that very much appeals to me. Also, while Star Wars is not focused so much on the military, the Rebel Alliance has a military structure to it while it seeks legitimacy.
Though I am very much an explorer, I love the structure that the military provides. And military uniforms provide a sense of commonality and solidarity, as well as set a mood. A well-designed uniform sticks out, looks sharp, and gives a sense of purpose, as well as makes it easy to identify what a person does or at least what organization a person represents. And these four franchise uniforms very successful at all of these criteria. Also, each of these uniforms have appropriate variants for different levels of formality, mission types, and climates.
All of these uniforms are just fantastic.

Promotional shot of Lieutenant Anastasia "Dee" Dualla from Battlestar Galactica

Captain Antilles between takes during filming of Star Wars


Starfleet, Starfleet, Starfleet, and Starfleet - a classic design.

Lieutenant Nyota Uhura on Altamid during Star Trek Beyond

Star Trek Beyond took the classic design of the Starfleet uniform and somehow improved upon it. With smooth lines, bright colors, different types depending on one's needs and comfort, the uniforms in Beyond have done well. 
Star Trek: The Original Series and Star Trek: The Animated Series is the classic, the trendsetter that set the course of uniforms for Star Trek and one of the major influences for our imaginations. The uniform's bright colors were friendly, expressing Starfleet's mission of peace, while also maintaining the uniform's purpose of identifying what organizations people are with and creating a source of commonality and solidarity. It was an idealistic uniform for an idealistic era.
However, the uniforms from the pilot episodes of Star Trek is what launched it all. Though the colors are muted, it set the slack and tunic trend of a simplistic design that also spoke volumes. Though the following episodes improved upon the design, these uniforms still hold a special place.

Publicity shot of Lt. Uhura, Dr. McCoy, Cdr. Spock, and Cpt. Kirk for Star Trek

The uniform designs for the first two reboot Star Trek movies, though, fall somewhat short - they tried very hard to copy and update from the original uniforms, and they almost made it. Unfortunately, they made some unfortunate decisions with the skirt uniforms - the absence of the sleeves and the placement of virtually every female character on screen meant that no woman had a rank until a man gave it to her. Though I have many, many issues with the first two reboot movies, and I will have to go into detail in another post.

Captain Pike and Lieutenant Spock during The Cage

Acting First Officer Kirk, Dr McCoy, Unnamed Crewwoman, Acting Captain Spock, and Lieutenant Sulu during the Star Trek reboot. I have so many complaints.


Doing More With Less

The uniforms of Deep Space Nine, Voyager, and the TNG-era films are a departure from what we had grown accustomed to. They kept to the uniform style of The Next Generation, except making most of the torso black and moving the color to the shoulder, and then eventually to the undershirt. These uniforms are very sharp and very Star Trek while using a minimum of colors.

Dr. Crusher, Cpt. Picard, Cdr. Riker, and Lt. Cdr. La Forge during Star Trek Nemesis

Lt. Cdr. Worf, Dr. Bashir, and SCPO O'Brien in the brig after Worf patronized a business where the workers were on strike during the episode Bar Association


For those who are interested, the remaining contenders on my list, ranked, are:

  1. Planetary Union uniforms
  2. Starfleet uniforms from Star Trek: The Next Generation Seasons 3-7
  3. Resistance uniform from the third Star Wars Trilogy
  4. Imperial Military uniform from the original Star Wars Trilogy
  5. Bajoran Militia uniform from Deep Space Nine
  6. First Order uniform from the third Star Wars Trilogy
  7. Starfleet uniforms from Enterprise
  8. Starfleet uniforms of the mid-2160s
  9. Starfleet uniforms of the 2230s
  10. Starfleet uniforms from Discovery
  11. Galaxy Quest uniforms
  12. Starfleet uniforms from Star Trek: The Motion Picture
  13. Starfleet uniforms from The Next Generation Seasons 1 & 2

If you like what you read here, and would like to show your support, please consider donating.

I am on Patreon to help fund the work that goes into maintaining a website and creating researched content. Also, it will give me some financial relief as I am also endeavoring to complete a number of science fiction and fantasy stories, and hopefully compile them into zines or collected works. As a sponsor, you'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the benefit of some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work.

It's not always possible to sponsor on a monthly basis. If you would like to do a one time donation, please feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash. Producing content takes time and effort, and any support would be most appreciated. Your donations help me cover expenses and eventually will let me be able to create quality content full-time.


MNSURE Clinics/Open Enrollment 11/07, 11/28 and 12/05

This email was forwarded to me by the JCPP Coordinator for Saint Louis Park. It originated from the American Indian, Asian and Latino Community Liaison for the Hennepin County Sheriff's Office.


From: Carmen M Bibiano
Sent: Monday, October 23, 2017 5:01 PM
To: Carmen M Bibiano <Carmen.Bibiano@hennepin.us>
Subject: MNSURE Clinics/Open Enrollment 11/07, 11/28 and 12/05
 
Hola :)
 
Our beautiful Mujer Latina Patricia Eibon from Community Action Partnership of Hennepin County (CAP-HC) wants to share this information about MNSure assistance to help clients apply for or renew their health insurance benefits. For more information look at the flyers, they are going to do it in three different locations and dates.
 
You can also call the CAP-HC main number (952) 933-9639. Please let your clients and networks know about this very good information available for them.
 
Thank you so much and Have a nice day :)
 
Carmen Bibiano – HCSO - CET
American Indian, Asian and Latino Community Liaison – Sheriff Administrative Assistant
350 South 5th Street, Room 30
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Desk phone: 612-348-6636
Work cell: 612-807-2449
Carmen.bibiano@hennepin.us

 

2017 Elections Are Even Closer!

As you may have read on a previous blog post (or have seen signs around your neighborhood), it is election time once again. Tuesday, November 7th is the day for elections in the State of Minnesota - not every state has elections this year, let alone every municipality in Minnesota, so please make certain to check out your local Secretary of State (or local equivalent) websites. Minnesotans, for more precise information (including where to vote), please go to our Secretary of State's ballot finder. What I am posting here is very general information, and there will be exceptions. For example, some Eden Prairie, Edina, Plymouth, and Saint Louis Park residents, as well as about half of Golden Valley residents and most of Minnetonka residents will be voting for the Hopkins School Board. At the same time, Minnetonka Schools serves Minnetonka, Chanhassen, Deephaven, Eden Prairie, Excelsior, Greenwood, Shorewood, Tonka Bay, Victoria, and Woodland, whereas the Saint Louis Park School District is entirely within the city of Saint Louis Park. So always check the ballot finder first!

Saint Louis Park Residents: after I created the previous blog post, two school district questions were added to the ballot. Please make certain that you understand Question #1 and Question #2 before you go in to vote.

As I said before, it is important to vote and to know who you are voting for, because you are voicing your opinion on how things should be run. Your elected officials work for you - they are not your leaders, but the reverse. You are the leaders, and you need to be informed. From State Governor to District Court Judges, you are deciding what elected officials are enforcing, legislating, and ruling on. Be informed, and make it count. If you're not involved, you may find that your city has placed you in, as John Oliver puts it, "the fuck barrel." So be involved. On Tuesday, November 7th, get out there and vote.


City of Plymouth, Hennepin County (population 77,216)

City of Hopkins, Hennepin County (population 18,105)

City of Plymouth

Logo of the City of Hopkins

City of Golden Valley, Hennepin County (population 21,376

Logo of the City of Golden Valley

Mayor:
Molly Cummings (Incumbent)
Robert Ivers

City Council (Elect 2):
Katy Campbell (Incumbent)
Diana Neidecker
Kristi Halverson (Incumbent)

Hopkins School Board (Elect 3):
Chris LaTondresse
Jen Westmoreland Bouchard (Justin Grays Endorsed)
Fartun Ahmed (Justin Grays Endorsed)
Steve Semler
Kevin Bennett

School District Questions:
Question #1
Question #2
Question #3


Get out there and vote, everybody. The government serves you - you are the boss. Tell them what you want done.


If you like what you read here, and would like to show your support, please consider donating.

I am on Patreon to help fund the work that goes into maintaining a website and creating researched content. Also, it will give me some financial relief as I am also endeavoring to complete a number of science fiction and fantasy stories, and hopefully compile them into zines or collected works. As a sponsor, you'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the benefit of some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work.

It's not always possible to sponsor on a monthly basis. If you would like to do a one time donation, please feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash. Producing content takes time and effort, and any support would be most appreciated. Your donations help me cover expenses and eventually will let me be able to create quality content full-time.



Me Too - Stories, Complicity, and Resources [Content Warning]

Content Warning: This post talks about sexual harassment and sexual assault.

Cowriting this piece is Emaelia Norman: I asked her to write with me because I generally present as male, and sexual assault is most prominently an issue for women, AFAB persons [Note 1], and those who are femme presenting. I do not want to distract from the conversation, but rather add to it in a meaningful and honest manner. Emaelia is the creator of the webcomics Death Child and Rowin Redd.

I am a cisgender, bisexual female. I come from a place of privilege as a white, cisgendered, middle-class person. I have however, like far too many people, been subject to sexual violence from a very young age. I’ve agreed to co-write this post with Justin as much to help others to cope with their experiences as to help me cope with my own.


Found on the internet.

For those of us who have endured sexual violence, movements like “me too” give us a chance to share our stories. This is a way for some people to come to terms with how they’ve been hurt, to heal, or just to feel some relief by sharing these moments that make us question humanity. 

The “me too” campaign was created in 2006 by Tarana Burke to help women and girls (particularly women and girls of color) who had survived sexual violence [6], and then went viral on social media in October 2017 when Alyssa Milano tweeted “me too” [2] and encouraged others to write it as their status. The sheer number of people posting "me too" has been to some an unsettling reminder of the staggering statistics already showing that sexual violence is a commonplace reality: “in the U.S., about 1 in 3 women (36.3%) and nearly 1 in 6 men (17.1%) experienced some form of contact sexual violence (SV) during their lifetime” [9] [Note 2]. Burke’s campaign’s motto is “Empowerment through empathy” [3], letting people know that they are not alone and that it is possible to heal. And healing is possible.

Found on the internet.

But we must also heal as a culture. That requires self-reflection and finding the root of the problem. People have said that talking about sexual harassment and sexual assault at the same time conflates the issue to seem bigger than it really is. And sexual violence in every form contributes to rape culture. The repetition of events and ideas normalizes them and leads to more extreme versions of those same events and ideas, which then also become normalized. Every time a man sexually harasses a woman and other men in the vicinity do not speak up about it, they are giving that man permission to do it again. Every time a man sexually assaults a woman and the people she tells do not believe her, they are giving him a way to avoid the consequences of his actions. Every time someone jokes about sexual violence, they normalize sexual violence. 


Found on the internet.

Now, we want to be clear: SEXUAL VIOLENCE CAN HAPPEN TO ANYBODY. We are not ignoring that. However, if the only time you talk about male survivors is when you are interrupting women/enby/femme persons who are talking about their own experiences, then it is not because you care about male survivors. Rather, it is because the rape culture perpetuated by the pervasive sexual violence in our society has conditioned you to dismiss and silence survivors who challenge the status quo.

There is a definite misogynistic component to rape culture - most women and girls limit their behavior because of the existence of rape [5], but many men don’t report being raped because of fear of being outed as gay [1], or out of fear of being labeled as gay [4], or feeling like they have lost their manhood [4]. It comes from the patriarchal idea that men are sexual aggressors and women are inferior to men, which translates into the idea that men who are sexually violated are as inferior as women.


As a society, we need to teach boys and men [Note 3] to not commit sexual violence. We should remember that jokes have great power [8] that reflect what we are thinking and are the basis of the actions that we make. We must stop allowing it to be prevalent in television shows and in pop culture [7]. And we must hold people accountable for their actions.
Children and young men learn by example. 

The best way to support a survivor when they are talking about an assault or other experience is to listen. Don’t give advice unless specifically asked and don’t compare a third party’s experiences. If you’re a survivor and want to share your story online like others, you can tweet or post on your own rather than detracting from someone else’s posts.

Found on the internet from Lindy West.

While we encourage survivors to come forward, we also must hold them under no obligation to do so, particularly in the public eye. Victims are often held accountable for their perpetrator's actions, whether in their own silence or through critical remarks from the public about what they could have or should have done to protect themselves. It is up to the perpetrators to stop perpetrating, not the victims to stop having to live with the consequences of perpetrators.



Notes:

Found on the internet.

  1. AFAB: Assigned Female At Birth. Regardless of one’s gender or sex, a person who was assigned a sex at their time of birth.
     
  2. The statistic for both women and men was used here intentionally because the Center for Disease Control and Prevention only recorded information as a female/male binary, with no mention that could be found about intersex persons or persons of other genders. Also, it should be noted that the numbers used are for the 50 states and DC, with no mention of the US Territories.
     
  3. “Boys and men” was intentionally used here, as the NISVS 2010-2012 Average Annual Estimates of Sex of Perpetrator in Lifetime Reports of Sexual Violence say that 97% of female victims were raped by male perpetrators alone, while 86.5% of male victims were raped by male perpetrators alone [9] (meaning that 91.75% of all victims reported male perpetrators alone).

Personal Experiences:
As told by Emaelia:

Me too. I’ve been hurt by men I trusted. I’ve been terrified by complete strangers. It has never had to do with how I was dressed or where I was. It usually happens in public places in broad daylight, when I’m doing something on my own like reading or waiting for a bus.

I was sexually harassed online by a man ten years my senior for over a year when I was fifteen and sixteen. The man groomed me. He made me think he cared about me, and then spent months wearing me down until I gave in to participate in his sick fantasies. It took me years to untangle myself from the confusion he caused me. Facebook recently recommended that man as a friend. I almost vomited. 

A stranger put his hand on my leg while I sat reading in a park in the afternoon, asking me what my plans were for the evening. 

While stopped at a crosswalk on my way to class, a man put his arm around me and asked several times for my number. 

At the train station an old man caressed my arm, followed me to the bathroom, and insisted on kissing me before I boarded the train.

Another man pretended to fall while on the bus so he could “catch himself” on my breasts.

A man pinched my butt three times in a row while on a crowded metro, only stopping when I turned around and audibly growled at him, making everyone else stare. 

Me too.

Once, while on the train, riding home one night, a man started to harass me. I had accidentally made eye-contact, which he took as an invitation to talk to me. I tried to be polite. He was a large man and the train was nearly empty. For what seemed like ages but was only about two minutes, this man stood over me and tried to flirt. I tried to oblige, visibly terrified. The only other person on the car was another man. He noticed my distress and intervened. He starting chatting up this other man just as the train pulled into a stop. Relieved, I jumped off. I don’t know that the larger man would have hurt me. I will never know that. But I do know that I felt much more at ease knowing that another person had my back. That other man saw my distress and helped in a way that put no one in danger. 
Men like that give me hope. It was a small act of kindness, but it helped.

As told by Justin:
Me too, and I'm complicit, and I've joined in. All three.

When I was 5, there was the rich white boy in class whose mom wanted him to have some Black Friends. I was nominated. One day, my clothes got soaked (nearly drowned - different story), and his mom gave me some of his clothes to wear. He kept watching me change, which made me uncomfortable, but she wouldn't do anything about it. My options were to change in front of him, or to change in the dark closet.
Me too.

In middle school, some boys were chanting something about one of the girls in a day camp I was at, and I was halfheartedly going along with it because I was afraid.
I did.

When I was in high school, one of the guys called me over to him and asked me to turn around. "See ladies," he said, "that is a Black butt." I was shocked and confused and didn't say anything.
Me too.

In high school, same boy was showing pictures of girls, friends of his, in their underwear around without their permission. I didn't tell him that it was wrong, though I felt uncomfortable.
I'm complicit.

In high school, someone slapped my butt without my consent. I told him that if he ever did that again that I would report him. He did it again, and so I reported him.
Me too - but this time I also had enough energy to stand up, and enough fortune to be believed.

In my twenties, friends of mine were dancing, and strange men started getting close to them. I did not recognize what was happening until other friends intervened.
I'm complicit.

Found on the internet

In my thirties, some guy started touching me because he liked the clothes that I was wearing. I gave him such a look that he instantly backed off.
Me too - though my size and perceived gender had given me an advantage.

In my twenties, I was hurting and reached out for comfort, but I did not make certain that my friend was in a position to help me.
I did.

In my thirties, a drunk fellow whom I had never met before started groping me. He was friends with friends of mine, and I was shocked into not saying anything. And so I didn't.
Me too.

In my twenties, I bore witness to street harassment, and said nothing.
I'm complicit.

In my twenties, I gave consent to sex and later discovered that I only gave my consent under false pretenses. Multiple times.
Me too.

I can't say that I'll never freeze up again. And I can never pay back the pain that I've caused. But I can take forward action and not be complicit. I can use the advantage of my perceived gender and call out harassment when I see it, intervene when people need help. I can continue to believe those who have been harassed, teach others not to harass, and be a force to be reckoned with.


If you like what you read here, and would like to show your support, please consider donating.

I am on Patreon to help fund the work that goes into maintaining a website and creating researched content. Also, it will give me some financial relief as I am also endeavoring to complete a number of science fiction and fantasy stories, and hopefully compile them into zines or collected works. As a sponsor, you'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the benefit of some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work.

It's not always possible to sponsor on a monthly basis. If you would like to do a one time donation, please feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash. Producing content takes time and effort, and any support would be most appreciated. Your donations help me cover expenses and eventually will let me be able to create quality content full-time.



Works Cited:

  1. Eastmond, Dean. “I was raped by another man. Heres why Ive decided to write about it.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 7 Dec. 2015, www.independent.co.uk/voices/why-ive-decided-to-talk-about-being-raped-by-another-man-a6730586.html.
     
  2. Gilbert, Sophie. “The Movement of #MeToo.” The Atlantic, Atlantic Media Company, 16 Oct. 2017, www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2017/10/the-movement-of-metoo/542979/.
     
  3. Hill, Zahara. “Black Woman Tarana Burke Founded The "Me Too" Movement.” EBONY, 19 Oct. 2017, www.ebony.com/news-views/black-woman-me-too-movement-tarana-burke-alyssa-milano#axzz4wApw9rR3.
     
  4. Johnson, About Danica. “5 Reasons We Need to Stop Making Jokes About Men Who Have Been Raped By Women.” Everyday Feminism, 24 Sept. 2015, everydayfeminism.com/2015/09/stop-joking-about-men-raped-by-women/.
     
  5. “Marshall University.” Womens Center, www.marshall.edu/wcenter/sexual-assault/rape-culture/.
     
  6. Ohlheiser, Abby. “The woman behind ‘Me Too’ knew the power of the phrase when she created it - 10 years ago.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 19 Oct. 2017, www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-intersect/wp/2017/10/19/the-woman-behind-me-too-knew-the-power-of-the-phrase-when-she-created-it-10-years-ago/?utm_term=.0c9eb6058656.
     
  7. Wahl, Madeline. “How Rape Jokes Contribute to Rape Culture.” The Huffington Post, TheHuffingtonPost.com, 30 Apr. 2014, www.huffingtonpost.com/madeline-wahl/how-rape-jokes-contribute_b_5240592.html.
     
  8. Weems, Scott. “Why Offensive Jokes Affect You More Than You Realize.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, 11 Sept. 2014, www.psychologytoday.com/blog/what-s-so-funny/201409/why-offensive-jokes-affect-you-more-you-realize.
     
  9. “Welcome to CDC stacks | National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) : 2010-2012 state report - 46305 | Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library collection.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/46305.

NaNoWriMo is upon us!

NaNoWriMo is upon us. National Novel Writing Month (NaNoWriMo) is a 30-day event in November where people attempt to write a 50,000 word novel. Their Mission Statement is:

National Novel Writing Month believes in the transformational power of creativity. We provide the structure, community, and encouragement to help people find their voices, achieve creative goals, and build new worlds—on and off the page.
— https://nanowrimo.org/about

I have been participating in NaNoWriMo since 2011. In that time, I have tried my hand at various Science Fiction and Fantasy tales. This year, as a motivator, I am going to try something different: you all will have the opportunity to see my progress as I go. As I'm writing, I will be posting what I am writing to my Patreon for $1+ sponsors. If I complete stories, they will be available for early download for $10+ sponsors.

I will be dedicating a good deal of my mental resources towards writing for NaNoWriMo throughout November. There will still be blog posts, of course, but they may be shorter than usual. But this will be a fun time! Check out my NaNoWriMo page here: https://nanowrimo.org/participants/justin-grays


If you like what you read here, and would like to show your support, please consider donating.

I am on Patreon to help fund the work that goes into maintaining a website and creating researched content. Also, it will give me some financial relief as I am also endeavoring to complete a number of science fiction and fantasy stories, and hopefully compile them into zines or collected works. As a sponsor, you'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the benefit of some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work.

It's not always possible to sponsor on a monthly basis. If you would like to do a one time donation, please feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash. Producing content takes time and effort, and any support would be most appreciated. Your donations help me cover expenses and eventually will let me be able to create quality content full-time.



Sex and Gender Part I: The Structure of Sex

There is a distinction between sex and gender: sex is a categorization that is determined by the  anatomy of one’s reproductive system, chromosomes, genitalia, hormones, and secondary sex characteristics, whereas gender is a social role based off of the sex of a person or their own identification through self-awareness. Both are constructs, malleable, and are subjected to societal standards, but they are not interchangeable. This post will talk about sex and how it is a construct.

Some say that sex is determined by one’s reproductive system, genitalia, and secondary sex characteristics and are immutable, but that argument does not hold together. There are many reasons why it does not hold together - let’s start with reproductive systems. As humans, we generally use sexual intercourse to fertilize eggs [Note 1] and continue the species. However, one may not have a complete reproductive system due to abnormalities due to genetic disorders, removal because of cancer, sexual transmitted infections, or other functional issues caused by anything ranging from environmental effects to physical damage [Note 2].
People can be born with ambiguous genitalia [7], and are assigned a sex at birth (a practice that Americans are slowly moving away from [Note 3]) or can face stigmatization, discrimination, and/or death. But it is possible for one’s genitalia to not match their reproductive system - for example, someone with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome may have undescended testes and no uterus or ovaries while having female external sex characteristics [2].
Secondary sex characteristics are characteristics that appear at puberty [15], namely body hair, breast growth, increased muscle mass, and so forth. These secondary characteristics are not very good indicators either, as almost everybody has breast tissue, there are many factors that play into how body hair grows and where, and humans have the ability to work on muscle mass through activity. Plus, we have the medical knowledge and technology to change genitalia and secondary sex characteristics - we are able to conform them to who we are and what societal constructs we recognize.

Others say that sex is determined purely by chromosomes and by hormones. While we are unable to change chromosomes, we are able to change hormones [9]. Also, everybody has a different hormone balance, and hormone levels fluctuate over time as people age and go through major life milestones. For many reasons, hormones are not immutable - and aside from environmental factors that can damage chromosomes [11], chromosomes are immutable. But most people never have their chromosomes looked at without a good reason [Note 4] - very few of us know what our chromosomal structure is. Though at least 2% of human births are known to be chromosomally intersex [3] [9], the number may be quite higher because of the fact that most people never get their chromosomes checked.

In this video, I make the argument that transgender women are not biologically male (and transgender men are not biologically female) by explaining that sex is a social construct just like gender.

There are many other reasons why sex is a construct. Riley J. Dennis has made a wonderful YouTube video about it - I suggest that you all watch it. Also, you can read more about sex being a social construct on Autostraddle, Paste Magazine, and Sociology In Focus. Stay tuned for Part II where I write about how gender is a construct.


Note 1: I say generally use sexual intercourse, because there are other ways to fertilize eggs, mainly in vitro fertilization [12]. However, there are other forms of assisted reproductive technology, including gamete intrafallopian transfer [10] [14] and zygote intrafallopian transfer [10] [13].

Note 2: Just because someone does not have a complete reproductive system, or a reproductive system at all, that does not make them less of a person, no matter their sex. There is a social stigma that goes along with not being able to reproduce, which is just foolish on its face. I will not go into it in this post, but I want to make it clear that that this unacceptable. 

Note 3: Historically, American physicians would coerce parents to assign a sex to their child at birth or just assign the child at will. This has had disastrous results; for example, the suicide of David Reimer after he was raised as a girl due to a botched circumcision [5] [8] [16]. The practice of assigning sexual characteristics to children at birth has been fought against by the intersex rights movement [7] [16], and is also now being discouraged by physicians [6] [9] [16].

In the 1960s and 1970s geneticists pursued a fascinating hypothesis: Is it possible that a man could be born with a criminal gene? For more: http://www.vox.com/2015/2/25/8103965/genetics-crime-xyy Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO Produced & narrated by Estelle Caswell Vox.com is news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines.

Note 4: According to a Vox report, “in the 1960s and 1970s research scientists conducted dozens of surveys in mental institutions, maximum security hospitals, and prisons across the world” [4], trying to link violent crime to XYY syndrome - while having the extra Y chromosome may have some effects [1], there is no correlation between the extra Y chromosome and criminal behavior.


If you like what you read here, and would like to show your support, please consider donating.

I am on Patreon to help fund the work that goes into maintaining a website and creating researched content. Also, it will give me some financial relief as I am also endeavoring to complete a number of science fiction and fantasy stories, and hopefully compile them into zines or collected works. As a sponsor, you'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the benefit of some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work.

It's not always possible to sponsor on a monthly basis. If you would like to do a one time donation, please feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash. Producing content takes time and effort, and any support would be most appreciated. Your donations help me cover expenses and eventually will let me be able to create quality content full-time.



1. “47,XYY syndrome - Genetics Home Reference.” U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/47xyy-syndrome.

2. “Androgen insensitivity syndrome - Genetics Home Reference.” U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/androgen-insensitivity-syndrome.

3. Blackless, Melanie, et al. “How sexually dimorphic are we? Review and synthesis.” American Journal of Human Biology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 11 Feb. 2000, onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6300(200003/04)12:2%3C151::AID-AJHB1%3E3.0.CO;2-F/abstract.

4. Caswell, Estelle. “The myth of the "supermale" and the extra Y chromosome.” Vox, 25 Feb. 2015, www.vox.com/2015/2/25/8103965/genetics-crime-xyy.

5. “David Reimer, 38, Subject of the John/Joan Case.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 12 May 2004, www.nytimes.com/2004/05/12/us/david-reimer-38-subject-of-the-john-joan-case.html.

6. Davis, Jeanie Lerche. “Clitoral Surgery Bad For Babies?” WebMD, WebMD, www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/news/20030411/clitoral-surgery-bad-for-babies#1.

7. DeMello, Margo. Body studies an introduction. Routledge, 2014, books.google.com/books?id=-XxiAgAAQBAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s.

8. “Dr. Money And The Boy With No Penis.” Documentary Storm, 13 June 2012, documentarystorm.com/dr-money-and-the-boy-with-no-penis/.

9. Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality. Perseus Books, LLC, 2000.

10. “Gamete and Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT and ZIFT) for Infertility.” WebMD, WebMD, www.webmd.com/infertility-and-reproduction/gamete-and-zygote-intrafallopian-transfer-gift-and-zift-for-infertility.

11. “How Does Radiation Affect Humans?” Bioethics Research Library of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, bioethicsarchive.georgetown.edu/achre/final/intro_9_5.html.

12. “In vitro fertilization (IVF).” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 10 Aug. 2017, www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/in-vitro-fertilization/home/ovc-20206838.

13. Pool, T B, et al. “Zygote intrafallopian transfer as a treatment for nontubal infertility: a 2-Year study.” Fertility and sterility., U.S. National Library of Medicine, Sept. 1990, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2397791.

14. Silva, Paul D., et al. “Gamete intrafallopian transfer. A cost-Effective alternative to donor oocyte in vitro fertilization in women aged 40-42 years.” US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9883404.

15. “What are secondary sex characteristics?” What are secondary sex characteristics? | HowStuffWorks, HowStuffWorks, 20 June 2011, health.howstuffworks.com/sexual-health/sexuality/secondary-sex-characteristics.htm.

16. “What's the history behind the intersex rights movement?” What's the history behind the intersex rights movement? | Intersex Society of North America, Intersex Society of North America, www.isna.org/faq/history.

A little self-promotion

Hello, everyone.

Please forgive the bit of self-promotion - I promise you that more regular blog posts are coming soon! If you like what you read here, and would like to show your support, please consider donating. I am looking to expand what I do to include instructional videos and podcasts, and so I will need help in getting the resources to make that happen.

To help me create quality content and have the resources for research and exploration, I have created a Patreon. I would love to be able to do this as I feel that this helps put some beauty into the world. Some of these posts have helped people figure out things happening in their lives. Others have gained a deeper understanding of topics that they were curious about. Some just learned something new. And I find it to be quite rewarding, myself. As a sponsor, you'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the benefit of some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work.

I hope to be able to get to a place where I can do more, but I need help in getting there. If you feel that you are in a place to become a sponsor, please go ahead! If you can't, please share this with people whom you know! As little as $1/month will do wonders to help me keep https://www.justingrays.org/ running and keep bringing quality content to you. Plus, as a patron, you will be recognized as one of my sponsors

It's not always possible to sponsor on a monthly basis. If you would like to do a one time donation, please feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash. Producing content takes time and effort, and any support would be most appreciated. Your donations help me cover expenses and eventually will let me be able to create quality content full-time. Also, you will be recognized as a donor.

By becoming a patron or by donating, we both will be getting something out of this - this is a form of symbiosis. You'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work. Your support helps make all of this possible.

I am confident that some good stuff will come of this. If you can help support this adventure, I will be most appreciative. Stay awesome, everybody!

 


You know, I want to see Cameron Esposito as a starship captain.

I was on Twitter the other day, and I was thinking to myself that I want to see Cameron Esposito as a starship captain - which got me thinking: who else should be in this sci-fi epic? And so I came up with this list:

And Gina Torres as the flag officer aboard whom the exploration group reports to.

Rhea Butcher as the chief engineer, using learned skills from Ohio.

Tig Notaro as the chief medical officer. Perfect dry wit. Has had medical issues, so actually understands pain.

Nichelle Nichols as the President of the Galactic Union. Wise and fair.

Leslie Jones leading as the XO - protective of the CO, commands the respect of the crew. Knows where the good times are at.

Linda Park as the security chief. Can go from sweet to scary at the drop of a hat.

Margaret Cho as the Command MCPO, who knows everything and everyone. All enlisted personnel look up to her.

Emma Watson as the navigator. A polymath and excited to explore.

Zoe Saldana as the helmswoman. Confident, arrogant, excitable, and an ace. Next most senior enlisted after the Command MCPO.

Kate McKinnon as the eccentric tactical officer who loves to blow shit up.

Rosario Dawson as the chief of staff for the flag aboard. The admiral's staff reports to her.

Ariel Winter as the flag lieutenant for the admiral. Young and excited to explore space.

Now, the question is: HOW DO WE MAKE THIS HAPPEN?


If you like what you read here, and would like to show your support, please consider donating.

I am on Patreon to help fund the work that goes into maintaining a website and creating researched content. Also, it will give me some financial relief as I am also endeavoring to complete a number of science fiction and fantasy stories, and hopefully compile them into zines or collected works. As a sponsor, you'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the benefit of some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work.

It's not always possible to sponsor on a monthly basis. If you would like to do a one time donation, please feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash. Producing content takes time and effort, and any support would be most appreciated. Your donations help me cover expenses and eventually will let me be able to create quality content full-time.


2017 Elections Are Upon Us!

Hello everybody.

While midterm coverage is largely focused on the parts of Congress that do very little, vital (and bizarre) midterm elections are going unexamined. State legislators pass a lot of bills, and some of that efficiency is thanks to a group called ALEC that writes legislation for them. It's as shady as it sounds!

If you are a Minnesota resident, it is election time once again - Tuesday, November 7th. Minnesota is one of those states that has an election every year, and it is important to vote in those elections. And as John Oliver reported, local governments get more done than the federal government - unfortunately, people tend to not focus as much on what is happening locally. So I am here to help you find out what is on the local elections. For more precise information, make certain to go to the State Secretary of State's website to look at a sample ballot. If you know your address, this will give you all of the information on the ballot itself, including a PDF to download to bring with you.

The vast majority of US judges are elected, forcing many judges to pander to the electorate and accept campaign money in order to keep their jobs. This seems slightly troubling... Connect with Last Week Tonight online...

Now, Minnesota has 87 counties and 854 incorporated municipalities - also, 1,785 governmentally functioning townships, 56 unorganized territories, and many other areas [4] that I will not get into here. Now, I am not going to go into every single election happening - I am just going to do a few municipalities that people have requested that I look into. These will be in order of city population - however, if anybody wants me to make an addendum, it’ll be first come, first served. The cities that have been requested are Minneapolis, Saint Paul, Edina, and Saint Louis Park - the 1st, 2nd, 12th, and 20th largest cities in Minnesota.

It is important to vote and to know who you are voting for, because you are voicing your opinion on how things should be run. Your elected officials work for you - they are not your leaders, but the reverse. You are the leaders, and you need to be informed. From State Governor to District Court Judges, you are deciding what elected officials are enforcing, legislating, and ruling on. Be informed, and make it count. If you're not involved, you may find that your city has placed you in, as John Oliver puts it, "the fuck barrel." So be involved. On Tuesday, November 7th, get out there and vote.

Flag of the City of Minneapolis

City of Minneapolis, Hennepin County (population 413,651) [1] [5]

Mayor:
Captain Jack Sparrow (Basic Income Guarantee)
Gregg A. Iverson (DFL)
Betsy Hodges (Incumbent) (DFL)
Jacob Frey (DFL)
David Rosenfeld (Socialist Labor Party, Socialist Workers Party Endorsed)
Troy Benjegerdes (Farmer Labor)
David John Wilson (Rainbows Butterflies Unicorns)
Charlie Gers (Libertarian Party)
Tom Hoch (DFL)
Al Flowers (DFL)
Raymond Dehn (DFL)
Nekima Levy-Pounds (DFL)
L.A. Nik (Independant)
Ronald Lischeid (People Over Politics)
Ian Simpson (The Idea Party)
Aswar Rahman (DFL)

Minneapolis Park & Recreation Board:
Park & Recreation Board At Large (Elect 3): Devin Hogan (DFL Endorsed), Bob Sullentrop (GOP Endorsed), Londel French (DFL Endorsed), Mike Derus (DFL), Russ Henry (DFL Endorsed), Charlie Casserly, LaTrisha Vetaw, Jonathan Honerbrink (GOP Endorsed), Meg Forney (Incumbent) (DFL)

Park & Recreation Board District 1: Billy Menz (Green Party Endorsed), Mohamed Issa Barre, Chris Meyer (DFL Endorsed)

Park & Recreation Board District 2: Mike Talley Tate (DFL), Kale Severson (DFL Endorsed)

Park & Recreation Board District 3: AK Hassan (DFL), Abdi Gurhan Mohamed (DFL), Charles Exner (Green Party Endorsed)

Park & Recreation Board District 4: Jono Cowgill (DFL Endorsed, Labor Endorsed), Tom Nordyke (DFL)

Park & Recreation Board District 5: Steffanie Musich (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed), Bill Shroyer (DFL), Andrea Fahrenkrug

Park & Recreation Board District 6: Brad Bourn (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed), Jennifer Zielinski (GOP Endorsed), Bob Fine, Robert Schlosser

City Council:
Ward 1:  Kevin Reich (Incumbent) (DFL), Jillia Pessenda (DFL), John Hayden (Independent)

Ward 2: Cam Gordon (Incumbent) (Green Party Endorsed)

Ward 3: Tim Bildsoe (DFL), Steve Fletcher (DFL Endorsed), Samantha Pree-Stinson (Green Party Endorsed), Ginger Jentzen (Socialist Alternative)

Ward 4: Barbara Johnson (Incumbent) (DFL), Phillipe Cunningham (DFL), Stephanie Gasca (DFL), Dana Hansen (Libertarian Party Endorsed)

Ward 5: Blong Yang (Incumbent) (DFL), Jeremiah Ellison (DFL Endorsed), Cathy Spann (DFL), Raeisha Willliams (DFL)

Ward 6: Abdi Warsame (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed), Mohamud Noor (DFL), Fadumo Yusuf (GOP Endorsed)

Ward 7: Lisa Goodman (Incumbent) (DFL), Janne Flisrand (DFL), Teqen Zea-Aida (DFL), Joe Kovacs (GOP Endorsed)

Ward 8: Andrea Jenkins (DFL Endorsed), April Kane (DFL), Terry White (Green Party Endorsed): David Holsinger (Libertarian Party)

Ward 9: Alondra Cano (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed), Mohamed Farah (DFL), Gary Schiff (DFL), Ronald Peterson (GOP)

Ward 10: Lisa Bender (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed), Saralyn Romanishan (DFL), David Schorn (DFL), Bruce Lundeen (GOP Endorsed)

Ward 11: John Quincy (Incumbent) (DFL), Erica Mauter (DFL), Jeremy Schroeder (DFL)

Ward 12: Andrew Johnson (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed), Will Jaeger (Independent), Harrison Bullard (Independent Health Labor)

Ward 13: Linea Palmisano (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed), Bob Reuer (Independent)

Board of Estimate & Taxation (Elect 2):
Carol Becker (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed)
David Wheeler (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed)


Flag of the City of Saint Paul

City of Saint Paul, Ramsey County (population 302,398)

Mayor:
Sharon Anderson (GOP)
Melvin Carter III (DFL)
Trahern Jeen Crews (Green Party)
Elizabeth Dickinson (Green Party Endorsed)
Tom Goldstein (DFL)
Pat Harris (DFL)
Chris Holbrook (Libertarian)
Tim Holden (Independant)
Dai Thao (DFL)
Barnabas Y'shua

Saint Paul Public Schools School Board At Large:
John Brodrick (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed)
Jeanelle Foster (Incumbent) (DFL Endorsed)
Luke Bellville
Greg Copeland (GOP Endorsed)
Andrea Touhey
Marny Xiong (DFL Endorsed)


Saint Louis Park, Hennepin County (population 48,747) [3]

Edina, Hennepin County (population 51,350) [2]

Flag of the City of Edina

Discover Saint Louis Park

City Council:
Ward 1: Margaret Rog (Justin Grays Endorsed), Brian Shekleton
Ward 2: Anne Mavity (Justin Grays Endorsed), Noelle Racette
Ward 3: Rachel Harris (Justin Grays Endorsed), Jim Leuthner
Ward 4: Tim Brausen (Justin Grays Endorsed)

Saint Louis Park School Board:
Bruce Cantor
Anne Casey
Christine M Johnson
Mary Tomback
Karen D. Waters

School District Questions
Question #1
Question #2


More videos to watch:

Special districts spend more public money than all city governments combined. That's odd considering most of us don't know they exist. Connect with Last Week Tonight online...
Every American deserves an equal vote. But in some states, access to voting is becoming less and less equal. Connect with Last Week Tonight online...

If you like what you read here, and would like to show your support, please consider donating.

I am on Patreon to help fund the work that goes into maintaining a website and creating researched content. Also, it will give me some financial relief as I am also endeavoring to complete a number of science fiction and fantasy stories, and hopefully compile them into zines or collected works. As a sponsor, you'll get quality blog posts, early access to completed stories, and the knowledge that you are helping me fund the creative process. I will get the benefit of some stress reduction as I won't have to worry about finances as much anymore, and that will help me be free to create more work.

It's not always possible to sponsor on a monthly basis. If you would like to do a one time donation, please feel free to use PayPal or SquareCash. Producing content takes time and effort, and any support would be most appreciated. Your donations help me cover expenses and eventually will let me be able to create quality content full-time.



Works Cited:

  1. “Candidate Filings - 2017.” Candidate filings - Minneapolis Elections & Voter Services, vote.minneapolismn.gov/candidate/filing. Accessed 23 Sept. 2017.
  2. “Edina Public Schools.” School Board / 2017 Board Election, www.edinaschools.org/Page/5041. Accessed 23 Sept. 2017.
  3. “St. Louis Park, MN.” Elections | St. Louis Park, MN, www.stlouispark.org/government/elections. Accessed 23 Sept. 2017.
  4. Stewart, Carolyn. “US Census Bureau Publications - Census of Population and Housing.” Census of Population and Housing - Publications - U.S. Census Bureau, 19 Aug. 2011, www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Accessed 23 Sept. 2017. Downloaded the PDF Census of Population and Housing, 2010 - CPH-1. Summary of Population and Housing Characteristics - Minnesota PDF Location: https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-2-25.pdf
  5. “What's on the ballot?” What's on the Ballot? - Minneapolis Elections & Voter Services, vote.minneapolismn.gov/voters/ballot. Accessed 23 Sept. 2017.